Qatar is a peninsula located halfway down the west coast of Arabian Gulf. Its territory comprises a number of Islands including Halul, Sheraouh, Al- Ashat and others.
The terrain is flat and rocky with some low-rising limestone outcrops in dukhan area in the west and Jabal Fiwairit in the north. It is characterized by a variety of geographical phenomena including many coves, inlets, depressions and surface rainwater-draining basins known as Riyadh (the gardens), which are found mainly in the north and central part of the peninsula. These areas have the most fertile soil and are rich in vegetation.
The total land area of Qatar is approximately 11,521 square kilometers.
The population of Qatar amount to 1,500,000 inhabitants (according to the initial results of the second stage of the 2009 population census).
83% of inhabitants reside in Doha and its main suburb Al- Rayyan
Arabic is the official language in Qatar, and English is widely spoken.
Islam is the official religion of the country, and the Shariah (Islamic Laws) is a main source of its legislations.
Qatar has a moderate desert climate with long hot summers and short mild winters and little rain in winter.
Doha Port is the main commercial seaport for Qatar. It is equipped with the most modern handling equipment, with 12 berths of 187.8 to 300 meters long, and with a draft reaching 7.4 to 12 meters deep.
• The total length of its berths is about 3644 meters
• The total closed and roofed storage space is 5 acres
• Open storage areas are of 10 hectares
• A walk-in cooler and freezer with a capacity of 500 tons
• Container storage space with a capacity of about 4000 containers
To keep up with the developments in maritime transport, it has been decided to build a new berth to accommodate the latest generation of large containers and ro-ro vessels.
RAS LAFFAN SEA PORT
One of the world’s largest LNG export terminals with a total area of 8.5 square kilometers. The exporting capacity of the port is 30 million metric tons per annum. The port provides a range of berth facilities for industrial and commercial use:
• Two separate berths for export of LNG (condensates) on vessels with Deadweight tonnage (d.w.t) of 300,000 m3 tons, with the provision for two more berths
• Two Dry Cargo/ Container berths; each 300m. long, accommodating 60,000 d.w.t. vessels
• A 270 m long berth that accommodates tug, mooring launches and pilot boats.
• Exploration & production supply vessel berth
• A 420 m berth, can accommodate supply, anchor and survey vessels of up to 20,000 tons.
Messaieed Seaport is Qatar’s main oil export terminal and, thus, the terminus for the country’s main oil and gas pipelines, particularly the pipeline that links the port with the main oil field at Dukhan on Qatar’s west coast. Messaieed’s location on the country’s east coast makes it ideally located for oil exports through the Strait of Hormuz, and import of oil-related equipment.